PROCEEDINGS OF THE LATVIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

Simonas Daukantas and Garlieb Merkel – precursors of national movements in the Baltic countries and their relations

https://doi.org/10.53231/LZAV.23.1.2
Keywords: national revival, Lithuanian–Latvian relations, ideological influence
Language: In English

The article analyses the most important similarities and differences in the main ideological attitudes of the precursors of the Lithuanian and Latvian national movements, and the influence of Garlieb Merkel in Simonas Daukantas’ historiography. Daukantas cited Merkel and relied upon him indirectly in characterising pagan religion and theocratic governance of the ancient Lithuanians. Merkel’s critique of the serfdom as an instrument of social and cultural oppression of the Latvians also contributed to the radicalisation of Daukantas views on serfdom.