Genealogy of the self in phylogenesis

Keywords: genealogy, phylogenesis, nature, culture, self
Language: In Latvian

The article addresses philosophical genealogy, following the winding pathway of the origins of human beings and the self in the clutches of nature and culture, and searches for ways for building a bridge between human and life sciences, particularly demonstrating a possibility
for the combination of “social constructivism” (allegedly championed by Michel Foucault) and “biologism” (allegedly ascribed to Charles Darwin). The irrational, indeterminate and multilayered existence of a human being, analyzed by genealogical research, often is associated with the ambiguity and manifoldness of the culture and language, in contrast to the strict laws of nature, creating a false image of an unbridgeable divide between the indeterminate human sciences and the objective life sciences. To surmount these biases the basis for genealogy and the origins of human indetermination must be searched for in the evolutionary past, bridging the gap between the authors following the research line of Michel Foucault and the theory of evolution by Charles Darwin.
To achieve these goals, the article discusses anthropogenesis in the synthesis of nature and culture and outlines the main building blocks of genealogy in the philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche, who is thought to be the pioneer of genealogical research. The article then explores how Darwin’s principle of “sexual selection” corresponds to the genealogical conclusions by Friedrich Nietzsche and justifies the genealogical method within the context of life sciences and theory of evolution.